What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is one of the most common causes of blindness. It comprises a group of diseases that cause progressive and irreversible damage to the optic nerve. This structure is key to vision since, through it, the images captured by the retina (converted into nerve impulses) are transmitted to the brain for it to interpret and generate vision, the main risk factor that can trigger a glaucoma is ocular hypertension. In general, this condition occurs because, for different reasons, the aqueous humor (liquid that bathes the inside of the eye) does not drain properly and accumulates, putting excessive pressure on the optic nerve and causing it "stress" that it cannot bear.
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