Will macular degeneration eventually cause blindness?
Macular degeneration can cause vision problems, but with proper treatment, most people can keep good vision for their entire lives.
Age related macular degeneration (AMD) causes problems with central vision, which can affect one's ability to read, drive, or see someone’s face if the disease progresses to more advanced stages. Patients with intermediate disease may struggle with low contrast sensitivity and need task lighting. Challenges with depth perception or swiss cheese-like vision may become an issue for those with advanced disease. Vision loss can happen gradually and not be immediately noticeable. There are some tools your ophthalmologist can use to determine your risk of progression to advanced AMD, but every patient is unique and no one has a crystal ball to know exactly what might happen.
Overall, between 80 to 90% of people with AMD have the dry form of the disease, and few of these patients have visual limitations. As for the 10 to 20% of people with wet AMD, about 90% of these patients can stabilize or improve their vision with consistent treatment — even if they have already experienced vision loss, said Dr. Vemulakanda
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